Category: Science

New research on avian response to wildfires

New research on avian response to wildfires

New research explores the effects fire has on ecosystems and the wildlife species that inhabit them. Scientists examined the impacts of fires of different severity levels on birds and how that changes as the time since fire increases. Scientists looked across 10 fires after they burned through forests in the Sierra Nevada. A key finding was that wildfire had strong, but varied, effects on the density of many of the bird species that were studied. …read more

Repellent research: Navy developing ship coatings to reduce fuel, energy costs

Repellent research: Navy developing ship coatings to reduce fuel, energy costs

It can repel water, oil, alcohol and even peanut butter. And it might save the US Navy millions of dollars in ship fuel costs, reduce the amount of energy that vessels consume and improve operational efficiency. …read more

Tiny jumping roundworm undergoes unusual sexual development

Tiny jumping roundworm undergoes unusual sexual development

Biologists have shown that gonad development varies in other nematodes relative to C. elegans. Specifically, they focused on Steinernema carpocapsae, a nematode used in insect biocontrol applications in lawns and gardens. …read more

Novel therapy makes oxidative stress deadly to cancer

Novel therapy makes oxidative stress deadly to cancer

Oxidative stress can help tumors thrive, but one way novel cancer treatments work is by pushing levels to the point where it instead helps them die, scientists report. …read more

New study debunks Dale Carnegie advice to ‘put yourself in their shoes’

New study debunks Dale Carnegie advice to ‘put yourself in their shoes’

The researchers debunk the theories canonized in Dale Carnegie’s How to Win Friends and Influence People that assuming you understand someone else’s thoughts, feelings, attitude, or mental state is a correct approach to interpersonal insight. …read more

Many wildlife-vehicle collisions preventable

Many wildlife-vehicle collisions preventable

A new study has found that Ontario could save millions by implementing simple measures to help prevent vehicle accidents involving wildlife. …read more

New insight into why Pierce’s disease is so deadly to grapevines

New insight into why Pierce’s disease is so deadly to grapevines

Scientists are gaining a better understanding of Pierce’s disease and how it affects grapevines. The disease, which annually costs California more than $100 million, comes from a bacterium called Xylella fastidiosa. …read more

New system recovers fresh water from power plants

New system recovers fresh water from power plants

A system devised by engineers recovers fresh water from power plants. It could provide a low-cost source of drinking water for parched cities around the world, while also cutting plant operating costs. …read more

In desert trials, next-generation water harvester delivers fresh water from air

In desert trials, next-generation water harvester delivers fresh water from air

Scientists who last year built a prototype harvester to extract water from the air using only the power of the sun have scaled up the device to see how much water they can capture in arid conditions in Arizona. Using a kilogram of MOF, they were able to capture about 7 ounces of water from low-humidity air each 24-hour day/night cycle. A new and cheaper MOF could double that. …read more

Face transplantation: An established option to improve quality of life in patients with severe facial trauma

Face transplantation: An established option to improve quality of life in patients with severe facial trauma

Thirteen years after the first successful face transplant, US trauma surgeons should be aware of the current role of facial transplantation for patients with severe facial disfigurement — including evidence that the final appearance and functioning are superior to that provided by conventional reconstructive surgery. …read more